Why is flying business/first class more impactful than economy?

Simply put, the more passengers on an airplane, the fewer greenhouse gases it will emit for each individual. Since business and first class seats are larger, they take up more room. Travellers in business or first class are responsible for more emissions because they effectively exclude additional people from traveling on the same flight. Planetair considers whether you are flying in economy, business or first class. Business travelers are charged 1.5 times the emissions of an economy traveller and first class passengers 2.4 times the amount.

Why is short-haul travel more damaging than long-haul flights?

Short-haul flights use more fuel per distance traveled because of the relatively longer duration of the take-off and landing phases relative to the flight’s cruising time. During take-off and landing, the engines must run at full throttle, therefore consuming more fuel. In addition, once the plane reaches a certain altitude, its drag (the force of resistance that must be overcome to propel the plane forward) is diminished due to the thinner air. The shorter the amount of time a plane travels in thin air relative to the total trip duration, the more fuel it will consumer per kilometre. Planetair takes this into account in its emissions calculations.

Why is air travel particularly harmful and how does Planetair take this into account?

Airplanes release most of their CO2 and other GHGs into the atmosphere at high altitude, where they cause more damage. As a result, the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change recommends multiplying the CO2 emissions by a factor of 1.9 to account for their full effect. Planetair uses this factor when calculating the CO2 emissions equivalents for flights. Planetair also multiplies the distance (based on the great circle route) by 9% in order to consider all indirect routes, delays and circling approaches when landing (defined in the literature as the uplift factor).

How do you calculate residential GHG emissions?

We use internationally accepted methodologies and emissions factors for all of our GHG emissions calculations. The emissions data for electricity generation is from Statistics Canada and Natural Resources Canada, the natural gas emissions data is from Environment Canada and the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and the conversion factors are from the European Energy Agency.

How do you calculate GHG emissions for road travel?

We use internationally accepted methodologies and emissions factors for all of our GHG emissions calculations.

How do you calculate GHG emissions for air travel?

We use internationally accepted methodologies and emissions factors for all of our GHG emissions calculations. The data sources include the Greenhouse Gas Protocol (the most widely used accounting tool for GHG emissions, developed by the World Resources Institute and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development) and the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

How can I be sure that your projects lead to the greenhouse gas reductions you claim?

Our projects are all verified by independent auditors from accredited inspection, verification, testing and certification companies such as SGS, TUV and DNV.

What are Verified Emissions Reductions (VER) projects?

VER projects are smaller projects. While they follow the guidelines of the CDM, they are generally not registered with the United Nations for financial reasons. Projects that reduce fewer than 5 000 tons generally do not justify the high transaction costs associated with UN registration. VER projects receive VER certificates, which can be used exclusively for voluntary greenhouse gas compensations. Just as CDM projects, VER projects are calculated according to CDM regulations and verified through CDM-accredited certification institutions such as SGS, TÜV and DNV.

What are Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects?

The Kyoto Protocol dictates the terms of CDM projects, which take place in developing countries and are registered with the United Nations (UNFCCC). The projects generate certified emissions reductions (CERs), and these certificates may also be used for offsetting on a voluntary and individual basis.

What is the Gold Standard?

The Planetair project portfolio contains carbon offset certificates that carry the Gold Standard. Gold Standard carbon credits are the highest quality carbon credits currently available for voluntary offsets, and the projects they fund are the premium projects on the market. The method requires that renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies also lead to sustainable development for local communities (such as increased standards of living, knowledge transfer, job creation or pollution reduction). All Gold Standard projects are rigorously tested for environmental quality by registered third parties.

The Gold Standard Foundation only grants its label after third-party validation and project verification. Because of the increased awareness of the need for transparency and rigour on the carbon market, Gold Standard credits are in high demand. They are also very scarce.

Companies appreciate the Gold Standard’s stringent criteria since they know their carbon investment will have value even if policies change.

The Gold Standard is supported by the WWF International, Greenpeace, the David Suzuki Foundation, the Pembina Institute and 80 other NGOs.

For more information, visit the Gold Standard Foundation website.

Beware of imitations!

Many suppliers on the market offer offset products that do not meet recognized standards. Do not hesitate to ask questions to make sure what you buy is real: verified, real greenhouse gas emissions. Whether you buy from Planetair or another offset retailer, make sure you know what you are investing in. It is part of your responsibility to protect our climate.

Are you involved in the Kyoto Protocol or the carbon trade?

Some projects are arranged and approved by the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), an instrumentof the Kyoto Protocol. The certificates generated by these projects are then retired from the carbon market.

Are any of the projects carried out in Canada?

Yes. One project of Planetair’s forest credits is generated in Canada. Planetair will continue to offer a major part of its offsets from developing countries in the future for two main reasons:
Since the effects and mitigation of global warming are worldwide, it does not matter whether a project offsetting Canadian emissions takes place in Canada or anywhere else on the planet.
Planetair feels there is a social component to funding projects in developing countries: developingcountries cause the vast majority of GHG pollution, yet the effects of global warming are predicted to impact the developing world the hardest. The least we can do is to combine offsetting with investments that help developing countries, in which capital for such projects is rare. This philosophy is also in line with the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol.

Can I pick a project to give money to?

Yes. You will be able to choose to invest in a portfolio of projects or in a specific initiative.

To offset an industrial-scale amount of emissions (over 1 000 tons), please contact us to see whether Planetair is a position to provide you with a specific project.

Why do project prices vary?

The cost to reduce one tonne of CO₂ as part of a wind energy project and the cost to reduce one tonne of CO₂ as part of a biogas installation project are not the same. Determining factors include the difference in the cost of the technology (e.g. wind or solar project) and the country in which the project is implemented.

What is the nature of the relationship between Planetair and South Pole Carbon ?

Planetair and South Pole Carbon share the same philosophy: high quality offsets and a commitment to the Gold Standard. By entering into a partnership with South Pole Carbon, Planetair gives Canadians access to high quality offsets from one of the most respected suppliers worldwide.

How does Planetair select the projects it funds?

Our projects are selected by our international partners, which always recommend carbon credit projects of the highest quality. The choice is based on rigorous criteria. In addition to verifiably reducing the amount of greenhouse gas emissions, the renewable energy and energy efficiency projects must contribute to sustainable development at the local level.

Is my personal information secure?

Yes. Our transaction website is SSL encrypted with 128 bits, and Planetair adheres to Canadian data security laws.

Does Planetair make a profit from selling carbon offsets?

No. Planetair is a non-profit initiative and reinvests any excess funds in furthering its goal of reducing global warming.

Where does my money go?

Planetair is part of the UNISFÉRA International Centre, whose mission is the advancement of knowledge on sustainable development. UNISFÉRA International Centre is not for profit organization created pursuant to the laws of Canada.

Funds collected by Planetair through the sale of carbon-offsets are mainly invested (about 80%) in offsets and awareness-raising projects. These funds are used to develop, implement and report on the projects (including their validation, verification, certification and the retirement of the carbon offsets – a series of steps that guarantee the quality of our services). Administrative overhead is about 20%.
Planetair undertakes to retire (or to have retired by a third party) 100% of the carbon offsets purchased by its clients. Planetair further undertakes to withdraw carbon offsets of a quality at least equal to the quality of those it has sold.
How is the carbon offset price determined?

Planetair continuously reviews its pricing policy in order to ensure that its clients receive the best value for their money. Planetair selects only the highest quality offset projects:

  1. Planetair’s philosophy is to provide high quality offsets. In order to guarantee the quality and impact of the offsets it sells, Planetair only purchases those that meet the strictest criteria, including the Gold Standard—the most stringent standard for emissions reductions through voluntary offsets.
  2. Planetair also purchases CDM offsets, which are more expensive than VERs (verified emissions reductions) andsatisfy the stringent requirements of the Kyoto Protocol.
  3. Planetair’s portfolio now includes Gold Standard (transition) forest projects.
  4. As recommended by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the authoritative source of information on climate change, Planetair uses a multiplier of 1.9 to calculate the CO2 emissions equivalents of flights in order to account for the effects of radiative forcing. Not all of our competitors use this multiplier.
  5. Planetair also takes into account fuel efficiency differences according to flight distance, since short-haul flights and those with stopovers use comparatively more fuel than long-haul flights.
Is this a donation?

No. Planetair is a non-profit organization and not a charity.

Is my purchase tax deductible?

Businesses can write off offsets as part of their business-related costs. Since Planetair is not a registered charity but a non-profit organization, the Canada Revenue Agency does not currently offer deductions for carbon offsets for individuals.

What is the difference between offsetting and purchasing renewable energy credits (RECs)?

By buying RECs, you will be supporting renewable energy projects. But REC projects don’t necessarily reduce the amount of greenhouse gases emitted into the atmosphere because they are not required to replace other, polluting energy sources. Offsets, on the other hand, are required to do so.

Do offsets impart the right to pollute?

No. Offsets are based on the “polluter pays” principle. By offsetting, you take responsibility for the pollution you cause when you decide to do something about it. It does not mean that your pollution no longer matters and does not make polluting any more “right”. It simply means that you’re cleaning up after yourself.

Isn’t offsetting just buying a clean conscience?

It goes without saying that Planetair advocates greenhouse gas emissions reductions above all, and we don’t promote offsetting as an alternative to reduction. But what about the emissions you cannot reduce or have not yet reduced? We will continue to emit a certain amount of greenhouse gases, regardless what we do. There is no other way to remedy your pollution than to pay someone else to reduce it for you. So is it better to offset or not? We believe it’s a question of responsibility.

I’m just a tiny piece in a huge puzzle. What difference will my offsetting make?

Many think that industry is the biggest polluter and that they should bear the primary responsibility to clean up. In fact, transportation is one of the main sources of GHG emissions in Canada. We believe that we all share this responsibility. The sum of our own impacts—millions of citizens driving cars, heating homes, buying goods etc.—is, in the end, what causes industry to exist and pollute.

Indeed, your emissions are minute compared to the total in your city, in Canada or let alone on the planet. However, these massive emissions are the result of a myriad of individual actions. So if each of us were to emit less, we would not have a problem. And if no one reduces and offsets, climate change will continue unabated. The challenge is therefore to convince everyone to act, even if the actions are not immediately visible. Offsetting is a relatively new concept, but Planetair is convinced that it is an integral part of solving the climate change challenge and will become as common as recycling in the years to come. By reducing, offsetting and discussing the issue, you help create a movement that will reach a critical mass. So spread the message, and you can be part of the solution, too.
How does offsetting my greenhouse gas emissions help reduce climate change?
Given the gravity of climate change, our priority should be to expend every effort to reduce our emissions by as much as we can. We should then offset what we can’t reduce. By offsetting, you reduce climate change in three ways :
• Initiating real greenhouse gas emissions reductions that would not have happened without you;
• Financing renewable technologies and efficiency measures;
• Raising awareness of the climate impact of our lifestyle.
How does it work?

By purchasing a carbon credit, you gain the right to a specific amount of greenhouse gas emissions reduction. The seller of the carbon credit no longer has the right to emit greenhouse gases in the amount of the credit you purchase. By trading carbon credits, the right to emit greenhouse gases is passed from the seller onto the buyer (i.e. you).

What is a carbon credit?

Carbon credits correspond to a determined tradable amount of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. They are generally quoted in metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent and are used to offset emissions from the combustion of fossil fuels in any process that uses GHG-emitting energy, whether in industry, transportation or the household. Carbon credits are used by the countries that signed the Kyoto Protocol to meet emissions reduction targets.

What is carbon offsetting?

Offsetting is a way for individuals and companies to compensate for their greenhouse gas emissions by investing in renewable energy and energy efficiency projects elsewhere. By offsetting your emissions for an activity (e.g. a flight), the activity becomes “carbon neutral”.